Sound Investigation

23rd November 2016

For this task we have to come up with an idea for an audio based problem. The tasks are:

  • The BBC have an animal documentary which is 3-4 minutes long but the audio is missing, this means you would have to write and record the narration for the programme, record foley sounds for the programme and add copyright free music for the programme.
  • Film Four have a 3-4 minute long foreign film which has no sound or dialogue, this means you would have to write and record suitable dubbing, record foley sounds and add copyright free music/SFX.
  • Radio 1 have a 5 minute slot and something as to fill this gap, you have to fill this gap with an entertaining segment about a current topic.
  • Radio Four are looking for a brand  new drama show, you must write the script for the 5 minute drama, record the episode and record your own theme song (if you can).

As for this task we were allowed to work in pairs me and one other brainstormed some ideas for each of these, these were:

  • BBC Planet Earth: The idea we had for this was a chimpanzee fight from the first series of Planet earth, this clip contained a lot different sounds such as the chimpanzees screaming, rustling in the trees and banging.
  • Foreign Film: We came up with doing a Kung Fu movie as recreating the punching noises would be fun and interesting to do.
  • Radio 1 Show: We decided for this we would basement on a game, the game we came up with would be something simple like to guess a song by only hearing a certain amount and if they get three wrong they would get a punishment.
  • Radio 4 Drama: The drama we came up with was about a teenager who gets into trouble by breaking stuff, stealing and all kinds of mischief, the whole story is about him and unraveling why he’s doing all of this stuff.

25th November 2016

As a starter to this assignment Emily set us the challenge of creating a T-rex roar with background noise with only using sounds on Final Cut Pro. We were allowed to edit the sounds e.g. pitch shift, slow/speed them up.

The Sounds We Used

trex-sounds

 

  • We used the tiger growl for the base of the T-Rex roar.

  • We used the elephant as the high pitch scream of the roar.

  • Alligator growl was the there to accompany the tiger growl to give it more depth.

  • We used the explosion 4 and 6 for the footsteps of the dinosaur, plus it also gave the impression that cars were blowing up as he walked.

  • In the background we used sirens to simulate a real dinosaur attack and that police and ambulances come to help the injured and try to stop the dinosaur.

  • We then paused the roar and repeated it to simulate the dinosaur moving from block to block.

  • We added fire sound in the background to give the impression that it is leaving destruction behind it.

  • We then added crash metal and debris to simulate cars being crushed underfoot.

Here is the Outcome!!

 

29th November 2016

before we carried on with our task we did a sound analysis about the introduction fight scene in the film ‘Watchmen’. The way we did this was look at every sound we could hear and say whether its Foley, on set, or studio recorded.

The sounds I got were:

  • TV – studio recorded
  • The man sitting back in the sofa
  • Door breaking – on set/Foley
  • Mug smashing – Foley
  • Punching – Foley
  • Dialogue – on set/ studio
  • Glass shattering – Foley
  • Badge – Foley
  • Blood dripping – Foley
  • Bones breaking – Foley

Sound Investigation 

Stationary Sound Sources – This is sound which comes from something which isn’t moving and the sound quality is the same e.g. the pitch, volume. this is because the microphone is recording from the same spot.

A Moving Sound Source – this is sound which is being recorded and the source of the sound is moving while the microphone is stationary.

Presence – This is a recording of a location/space while no one is there, so you may hear background noise from air conditioners, fans, beeps etc. this is so the audience can get a feel where the sounds are coming from to make them feel there in the same location.

Drama Dialogue – This is how the dialogue within productions is captured. It can either be recorded with Tie Mics but it can also be recorded with Boom Mics to make it less obvious. ideal you would need however many characters have dialogue you want them same amount of Boom Mic Operators.

External Diegetic Sound – This is sound which is added in post production, such as sound effects which can’t be captured while filming. e.g. punching, smashing, bones breaking.

Studio Sound Recording –This is when the sound effects are recorded within a studio and can capture voice overs for documentaries. Recording this way is preferred for TV shows as the sound is or clear and distinct.

Location Sound Recording – This is when people are filming on a location they do all of the audio as well there, there are certain things you can do to get the best out of the audio. e.g. to stop wind noise you can use a dead cat over the mic to block out the background noise.

dead cat.jpg

Contrapuntal Sound –  This is where the audience think they have an idea of what is going on due to the music setting the scene. this is usually within horror/action films to create suspense for the views.

Ambient Sound –  This is any background noise, sounds and music

Foley Sound – This is someone creating sounds that the camera often misses, so someone re-creates the sound using different objects to provide the sound effects. These sounds are added in the Post Production stage to dub over the visuals.

Microphones

Compact Shotgun: good points for this are its small and compact and its good for recording background noise, the bad point about this mic is it doesn’t record dialogue well. This microphone is mainly used for documentary’s for recording ambient sound.

Hand Held Dynamic Voice Mic: The good pints for this mic are its good for musicians of a live magazine show to use, the bad thing about this mic is that its very sensitive do it picks up quite a lot. This mic is used in the media for recoding bands on magazine shows e.g. The One Show.

Hand Held Reporters Mic: Good things about this microphone is that it captures surround sound so it picks up a lot of sound, bad things about it is that it picks up a fair bit of sound so you can record background noise by mistake, you have to use a dead cat/mouse to make it sound better. this mic is used in the media for news broadcasts.

Tie Clip Mic:  Good things about this mic is that its small, easy to work, you can use this microphone to record folly sounds as well. The bad points about this microphone when its attached to someones shirt you can hear a fair bit of rustling and you can also knock while its attached. This microphone is used in the media for interviews and talk shows.

Shotgun /Rifle Mic: The good things about this microphone is good for recording dialogue and for recording ambient sound, the bad things are it picks up a lot of surround sound so you will capture a lot of background noise, when your recording you need to reposition the mic to where the person your reading is. this microphone is used for interviews, recording dialogue and for recording ambient sounds in the media industry.

Zoom Mic: This is good for recoding sound effects, recording foley sounds the mic itself is small and compact and it picks up a wide range of sound, the bad things about this mic are it’s not great for recording dialogue. this mic is used for recording sounds for nature programmes and any film where they needed to record foley sound.

Choosing A Microphone:

For recording audio on location either the ‘Hand Held Reporters mic’ or the ‘Shotgun/Rifle Mic’ would be good, this is because the ‘Hand Held Reporters Mic’ with a dead cat would aim the sound input directly at the source and they use this for news broadcasts. The ‘Shotgun/Rifle Mic’ is used for recording dialogue within productions.

For recording ambience (background sounds) either the ‘Compact Shotgun’ or the ‘Zoom Mic’, this is because the ‘Compact Shotgun’ is good for background noise, and is used for ambient sounds used in nature documentaries. The ‘Zoom Mics’ have a wide range so they can pick a lot of sound up.

For studio recording either the ‘Hand Held Mic’ or the ‘Clip On Mic’ are god this sis excuse the ‘Clip on Mic’ is good for interviews and talks shows and the mic is direct so it picks up directly where the sound is coming from. The ‘Hand Held Mic’ is sensitive  but if it picks up a lot of not wanted sound it can be edited so you can’t hear it.

30th November 2016

In this lesson we looked at different target audience profiles but for tv programmes. In a small group we had to look at target audiences for ‘Film 4’ and for a ‘Foreign Film’

For the ‘Film 4″ we came to a conclusion that our target audience would be:

Age: 12+

Gender: Both as they play a variety of films

Sexual Orientation: Hetro-Sexual/Not Relevant

Ethnicity: Anyone

Socio-Economic Status: D  to C1

Geo-Demographic: Rural and Urban

Psychographic: Aspires

For our foreign film we decided to base it around a Kung Fu movie.

Age: 15+

Gender: mostly aimed at the male audience but females can appeal to it as well

Sexual Orientation: Hetro-Sexual/ Not Relevant

Ethnicity: Mostly appeals to eastern asian people.

Socio-Economic Status: D to C1

Geo-Demographic: Rural and urban

Psychographic: Explorers/aspires

7th December 2016

The Production We Task We Chose

We chose to do the BBC Planet Earth task because we thought it would be fun to go out and record the foley sounds, use the studio to record all the narration and because it contains a wide virally of different sounds.

Foley Log Sheet

foley-log-sheet

Audience Profile For Our Production

The way we worked this out was to create a survey with questions to give us these answers this was for the primary research, the questions were:

  • How old are you?
  • Male or Female
  • How my programmes do you watch on BBC 1?
  • What programmes do you watch?
  • Do you like the programme ‘Planet Earth’?
  • Would you watch this programme with friends and family?
  • why do or don’t you like Planet Earth?

Age: 12+

Gender: Both can appeal equally

Sexual Orientation: Not relevant

Ethnicity: Any ethnicity

Geo-Demographic: D to C1

Psychographics: Explorers

For the secondary research I used a website called yougov.com and this told me people in the uk who watch BBC 1 what gender they are, age, social grade, what region they live in, and what their favourite programmes are.

screen-shot-2017-02-10-at-09-56-33

  • Mainly females watch BBC 1
  • Avrage age is 30-35
  • Social grade A, B and c1
  • BBC 1 is most viewed in Yorkshire
  • Favourite programme is Stictly Come Dancing
  • Favourite hobbies are reading, gardening and bird watching

screen-shot-2017-02-10-at-10-01-53

Equipment That We Will Use and For What Purpose

Within the task we chose we will need to record stationary sounds e.g. trees and leaves rustling. For these sounds we will record these using either compact shotgun mic, shotgun mic or the zoom mic. We will use these microphones as they are all good for recording ambient sound (background sounds) as well as recording sound effects.

For the next sounds we need to record are studio sounds so that’s for the narration over top of the clip. to record this we will need to book out the radio station at college to record the narration, the radio station is sound proofed so there won’t be any background noise to disturb the recording.

We need to record ambient sounds, for this we will need to record a woodland area to replicate a forest where the chimpanzees would roam, the sounds we need to hear in this are crickets, birds and other noise similar. The microphone we will use for this is either the compact shotgun mic or the shot-gun mic as these are good for recording just ambient sounds.

We need to record location sounds, so for these are the sounds we need to record in the ‘forest’. The sounds are branches snapping, chimpanzees ‘oohing’, leaves rustling. For these sounds we will be using either the compact shotgun mic or the tie mic.

We next need to record the sound of presence. We need the sound of birds and a high frequency of everything going on in the background. We would use a compact mic or a shotgun mic to pin point a bird to get that sound.

To get a more realistic/even sound within the moving sounds we would have someone doing the sound and walking at the same pace as the person making the sound. this will create an even sound to re-create the sound of chimpanzees walking through the forest. the mic we will use this is going to be the shotgun mic as its direct so what ever you point it at it picks up that and nothing else.

9th December 2016

Foley Artist

What Do They Do?

A foley artist is someone who produces sound effects which are added into productions within post-production. They way to get the best foley sounds is to make them sound unnoticeable (realistic) within the production and to minimise any unwanted background noise to get the best quality sound. The way the artists produce the sounds is they use everyday items maybe combine them together maybe not to produce a sound.

Ben Burtt

ben-burtt

This is Ben Burtt he is a foley sound artist, he’s known for creating sounds for films such as, WALL.E, Star Wars: A New Hope and Star Wars: Empire Strikes Back. He came up with the droid sounds and the voice of E.T from the voice of Chewbacca in Star Wars. The way he came up with Chewbaccas voice was he went to an animal farm and a bears growl provided the base of his voice, then later on in the post-production he added a few barks, whimper of dogs and lions and that was Chewbaccas voice. The sound he enjoyed making the most was the sound of the giant boulder rolling towards Indiana Jones in the Temple Of Doom, the way he created this was placing a microphone close to a Honda Civic tire on gravel and the car pulling away slowly.  Ben Spent 28 Years at LucasArt Films and in May 2005 He joined the Pixar team. Ben was born on July 12th 1948 in New York. He graduated in 1975 at the University of Southern California School of Cinematic Arts with a Master of Fine Arts degree in film production.

Copyright Laws

What Are Copyright laws?

This is what companies,lawyers refer to as property right. It means people can apply for something like, music, film, recording etc to be copyrighted so people can’t use it and calm as their own.

How Does It Start?

This is a right that accuses when someone or some company has creates something which they want to claim as their own. To qualify for this to be copyrighted it must be, original work, shown to have a certain amount of labour to create, skip or judgment, names or titles, a logo.

How Long Does It Last?

Sound recordings and broadcasts lasts 50 years from the end of the calendar year when the work was created.

How Is Copyright Protected?

No official registration is necessary for a copyright to secure your work. Under the UK law your work will automatically be protected as long as it has original material.

What Rights Does The Owner Have?

The owner will get exclusivity to do the ‘ restricted acts’ in the UK and the ‘restricted acts’ are:

  • To copy the work
  • To issue copies of the work to the public
  • To rent or lend the work to the public
  • to perform, show or play the work in public
  • To communicate the work to the public
  •  to make an adaption of the work or do any of the above in relation to an adaption.

People who don’t have these rights to the ‘restriction acts’ can authorise these without the owners permission.

Our Production:

 

References

IMDb (2016) Ben Burtt, Available at: http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0123785/bio?ref_=nm_ov_bio_sm (Accessed: 9th December 2016).

Wikipedia (2016) Foley Artists, Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foley_(filmmaking) (Accessed: 9th December 2016).

 

 

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